Early Orthodontic Treatment for Children
When should my child first see the orthodontist? What is the difference between early (Phase One) orthodontic treatment and regular orthodontic treatment, and why might my child need early treatment? How will early treatment benefit my child in the long run?
These are just a few of the many questions that we get surrounding the topic of early orthodontic treatment for children. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that children see an orthodontist for an evaluation as early as age seven. At this point, Dr. Mack and Dr. Hansen can determine if any early intervention might be needed.
Early treatment (also known as Phase One) typically begins around age eight or nine (Phase Two will begin around age 11 or older) and typically lasts anywhere from 6-12 months. The goal of early treatment is to correct the growth of the jaw and certain bite problems, such as underbite and crossbite, before they get any worse. Early treatment also helps to make room for the permanent teeth to come in properly, lessening the chance of extractions or impactions in the future.
While not every child needs early treatment, having them in for a complimentary consultation allows us to establish a baseline of records from which Dr. Mack and Dr. Hansen can reference as your child grows into their early teens. If any regular orthodontic treatment is eventually indicated, this will allow Dr. Mack and Dr. Hansen to start treatment at the time when it will be the most efficient for your child.
How to tell if your child may need early orthodontic treatment:
- Early or late loss of baby teeth (your child should typically start losing teeth around age five, and will have all permanent teeth around age 13)
- Difficulty chewing and/or biting
- Mouth breathing
- Your child continues sucking his or her thumb after age five
- Speech impediments
- Protruding teeth (the top teeth and the bottom teeth extend away from each other)
- Teeth that don't come together in a normal manner or even at all
- Shifting of the jaw when your child opens or closes his or her mouth (crossbites)
- Crowded front teeth around age seven or eight
What causes orthodontic problems, and how will early treatment benefit my child?
Orthodontic problems such as crowding of the teeth, too much space between the teeth, jaw growth problems, protruding teeth, and bad bites can be inherited or caused by injury to the mouth, early or late loss of baby teeth, or thumb-sucking habits.
Most children lose all of their baby teeth by age 13, and by the end of their teen years, the jaw bones will harden and stop growing. Receiving early orthodontic treatment as a child can help prevent complications during Phase II orthodontics, decreasing the chance of extractions or surgery in the future.
If your child is between the ages of seven and nine and shows signs of needing orthodontic care, or if you have been directed by your family dentist to visit the orthodontist, feel free to reach out to our office and schedule a complimentary consultation. When you come in for your consultation visit we will take a set of photos and diagnostic x-rays. Then Dr. Mack or Dr. Hansen will perform an oral exam and discuss with you their findings and if any treatment is indicated. If no treatment is needed, we simply see your child back every 6 months to monitor their progress until they have all of their adult teeth, all at no charge to you.
If you have any further questions or would like to set up a complimentary consult for you or your child, please give our office a call at 903-212-7737, or you can request your consultation directly online by clicking HERE.